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Dhubri

State: Assam

District(s): Dhubri

Population: 63,965 (2001)

Dhubri is the headquarters of Dhubri district, Assam, India. It is a small old town on the bank of the Brahmaputra and Gadadhar Rivers. In 1883, the town was first constituted as a Municipal Board and is situated about 290 km away from Guwahati, the state capital.

Dhubri was an important commercial centre and had a busy river port particularly for jute. Partition of the country in 1947 caused Dhubri to become a route for illegal immigrants and terrorists to cross the international border. This place is also famous for the Sikh Gurdwara or Damdama Sahib which was constructed in memory of visit of First Sikh Guru Nanak Dev and later it was followed by visit of Ninth guru, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur and the Gurdwara is named as Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. Hence, it has great importance for Sikh community.

The word Dhuburi comes from a legendary lady named Netai-Dhubuni. The story is connected with Behula-Lakhindar. The word Dhubuni is considered a corruption of 'Dhuburi'. According to Bodo-Kacharis, the word is of Bodo origin and derived form Dubra, a kind of grass. The story of lady Netai-Dhubuni is widely accepted for the naming history of Dhubri.

Until 1874, Dhubri was mostly a part of Bengal kings. In 1874, the British Government created a new province named Assam Valley Province and incorporated Goalpara district area with its headquarters at Dhubri with the new Assam Province.

The Bhola Nath College or B. N. College, Dhubri (estd. 1946) is the oldest and premier college in western Assam. Other notable educational institutes are Dhubri Law College, Dhubri Girls' College, Dhubri B. T. College and some private run computer institutes.

The town is located between 89.5 degree east longitude and 26.1 degree north latitude. The town is about 34 m above the sea level.

As of 2001 India census,Dhubri had a population of 63,965. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Dhubri has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79% and, female literacy is 68%. In Dhubri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. With close to 75% of its population Muslims, it is one of the minority concentrated districts of India.

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